极速牛牛

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  • 谁是AI开源世界之王?

    ZAIRENGONGZHINENGDEJIANGHU,2015NIANSHIGEGUANJIANSHIJIANJIEDIAN,ZHEIYINIANZHIQIANHEZHIHOU,SIHUSHILIANGGEJIERANBUTONGDESHIJIE。

    CIQIANSHUNIANJIAN,LIJINGAIDIAODAZAITUXIANGSHIBIESAIDIAODACHUANTONGSUANFA、AIZHANSHENGSHIJIEWEIQIGUANJUN、DeepMind“WEISHEN”GUGEDENGBIAOZHIXINGSHIJIAN,AIZHUJIANZOUCHUXUESHUDIANTANG,KAISHIYONGKEHUANBANDE“CHAONENGLI”GAIBIANRENMENDERENZHI。

    极速牛牛 CONGZHEIYINIANKAISHI,KEJIJUTOUDEAIZHANSHICONGANZHANBIANWEIMINGJU,AIYEKAISHIYIQIANSUOWEIYOUDESUDUZAIQUANQIUBAOFA,ZHUJIANYANHUACHENGWEIRUJINAIGEJUDECHUXING。

    极速牛牛 MEIDANGWOMENTIJIDISANCIAILANGCHAOSHIRUHEFUXINGDE,SHUJUBAOFA、SUANLIJUEQIYICHENGWEIBIAOZHUNDAAN,ERYIGUYINXINGQUEQIANGDADELILIANGQUEWANGWANGBEISHIERBUJIAN。

    ERZHEIGULILIANG,BUJINSHISHIDEAIZAIDUXINGSHENGDEGUANJIANTUISHOU,YESHIKEJIJUTOUYINGDEAIHUAYUQUANDE“SHANGGANLING”。

    极速牛牛 ZHEIGULILIANG,JIUSHIKAIYUAN。

    DANGGUOWAIGUGEFacebookWEIRUANWEISHENGJIDIEDAIAIKAIYUANKUANGJIAGEXIANQINENG,GUONEIYIBATLINGXIANTUIJINDEAIKAIYUANXIANGMUYIZAIANLIUYONGDONG。

    开源,黑客文化中诞生的奇迹

    极速牛牛 SHENMESHIKAIYUANDELILIANG?ZHEISHIBAOKUOAIZAINEIDEJISUANJIFAZHANSHIZHONG,YIGEYIYISHENGHUIDEHUATI。

    极速牛牛 KAIYUAN,YINGWENMINGOpen Source,JIKAIFANGYUANDAIMA,RENHERENKEYIZAIYUANDAIMADEJICHUSHANGJINXINGXUEXIYUXIUGAI。TACONG58NIANQIANDEHEIKEWENHUAZHONGHUANHUANYANJIN,ERZUIZAOCUISHENGZHEIYIWENHUADEMITJISHUMOXINGTIELUJULEBUDEHEIKEMEN(Hackers),DADOUCHENGWEIMIT AISHIYANSHIDEHEXINCHENGYUAN。

    RUGUOSHUOAISHIYICHANGTAOTIESHENGYAN,SHUJUSHIYUANCAILIAO,SUANLISHITIANRANQI,SUANFASHICAIPU,NEIMEKAIYUANJIUYOURUWUSHUCHUSHIJINGYANYUZHIHUIHEZHUCHENGDEYIBENYONGBUWANJIEDEPENGRENBAIKEQUANSHU,QITACHUSHIKEYICONGZHONGJIQUJINGYANLAIKUAISUWANCHENGCAIPIN,YEKEYIZHICHUSHUZHONGDEWENTI、GONGXIANGENGDUOCHUANGYI,RANGZHEIBENSHUJINGGUOWUSHURENDEWANSHANHOUZHUJIANCHENGWEISHENZUO。

    KEYIXIANGXIANGYIXIA,YIGERENZHUANMENJIANCHADAIMAbug,TAKENENGXUYAOHAOJITIANDESHIJIANHAIYOUPILOU;ERRUGUOYIQUNKAIFAZHEHECESHIZHELAICHAbug,NEIMEDAIMAPAICUOYUYANHUADEXIAOLVJIANGDEDAOJINGRENDETISHENG。

    RUGUONENGCHUANGJIANYIGEKAIFANG、YOUGAIJINNENGLIDEHUANJING,QUDONGCHENGQIANSHANGBAIDERENCAIKUQUFANKUIBINGTIGONGSHEJIKONGJIANTUOZHAN、DAIMAGONGXIAN、BugDINGWEIYIJIQITADEGAIJIN,ERYIGEFENGBIXIANGMUZHONG,YAODUOMEDINGJIDEHEIKECAINENGJINYIKAOZIJIJIUZUODAOYUZHEICHENGQIANSHANGBAIRENKANGHENG。

    极速牛牛 ZAIKAIYUANWENHUAZHONG,HEIKEMENZHUIQIUDESHIGENGGAOZHILIANGDEDAIMA、GENGWANSHANDEXIANGMU,QIDONGLIYEXUSHIDANCHUNDEREAI,YEXUSHIDUIZHENGMINGGERENNENGLIDEKEWANG,DANJUEBUSHIZHUIQIUJIEJINWUZHICAIFUDEDONGXI。

    极速牛牛 YUZHIXIANGBEIDESHIBIYUAN,YOUZHUANMENDEYANJIUTUANDUIKAIFAYIGERUANJIANXIANGMU,BURANGBIERENZHIDAOYUANDAIMA。XUANZEBIYUANDEJIGOUWUWAIHUJIZHONGMUDE,DANXINXIELUJIMI,BUXIANGRANGJINGZHENGZHESHIYONGTA,HUOZHEXIANGYONGTALAIMAIQIAN。

    ZHEIBINGBUNANLIJIE,CHONGCHIZHEGONGXIANGLINIANDEKAIYUANWENHUA,SIHUYUYIYINGLIWEIHEXINMUBIAODESHANGYESHIJIETIANRANBUDA。JIBIANSHIDUIZAISHANGYEDEKAOLIANGZHONG,KAIYUANDEZHIJIEMUDEYEBUSHIWEILEYINGSHOU,ERSHIWEILEJIECIKAITUOSHICHANGHESHENGTAIYIHUODEGENGZHANGYUANDESHOUYI。TONGSHI,KAIYUANYENENGYOUXIAOFANGZHIBIYUANCHANPINLONGDUANSHICHANGDEJUMIANCHUXIAN。

    XIANGJIAOERYAN,CHUANTONGKAIYUANXIANGMUHUIJIKAIFAZHEDAILAIGENGDADEYALI,ERKAIYUANKAIFAZHEGENGWEIZIYOU,TAMENZHIXUZHUANZHUZAIZIJIXIANGYAOZUODESHIQINGSHANG,BUBIBEISHANGCENGDEXUQIUCHOUZHEBIANZIWANGQIANZOU。

    极速牛牛 ▲AIKAIYUANQUANZHANSHIYITU

    WEIRUANJIUCENGSHIBIYUANDEDIANXINGDAIBIAO,ZAOQITACAIYONGRUANJIANSHOUQUANDEMOSHI,WEIQISHANGYERUANJIANJIANLIQIYIZHENGTAOWANZHENGDINGJIA。WindowsCAOZUOXITONGZHENGSHIWEIRUANDIANXINGDEBIYUANSHANGYELIZUOZHIYI。JINGUANKAIYUANZHIGUANGLinuxCAOZUOXITONGMEINENGZAISHANGYEZHANCHANGSHANGGANGUOWEIRUAN,DANZHANGQIZHANZAIKAIYUANDUILIMIANDEWEIRUAN,ZUIZHONGHAISHIXUANZELEYONGBAOKAIYUAN。

    极速牛牛 KAIYUANJIRANYAOKAIFANGDAIMA,RANGCHENGQIANSHANGWANRENXIEZUO,NEIJIUXUYAOYIGEZUGOUYOUHAOHEANQUANDEKAIYUANTUOGUANFUWU,ZAIZHEIYIBEIJINGXIA,GitHubYINGYUNERSHENG。

    极速牛牛 2008NIAN,KELISI·WANSIKELASIYICONGXINXINNEITIDAXUEYINGYUZHUANYECHUOXUELESANNIAN,TONGPULEISIDUNYIQIJINGGUOYEYIJIRIDIHEZUOXIEDAIMA,ZHONGYUDAZAOCHUNENGTIGONGYOUXIUXIEZUOFUWUDEDAIMATUOGUANPINGTAIGitHub,BINGZHUANCHENGZHAOTwitterJINGDIANlogoDESHEJIZHEXIMENG·AOKESILISHEJICHUQIJIXIANGWUZHANGYUMAOOctopuss。

    极速牛牛 ▲KELISI·WANSIKELASI(ZUOSHANG),PULEISIDUN(YOUSHANG),GithubJIXIANGWUZHANGYUMAO(TUXIA)

    JINGGUOSHIYINIANDEFAZHAN,GithubZAOYICHENGWEI“QUANQIUZUIDACHENGXUYUANJIAOYOUPINGTAI”,TAMEINIANFABUDEOctoverseNIANBAOYICHENGWEICHENGXIANZHEIYINIANDUREMENKAIFAXIANGMU、DINGJIBIANCHENGYUYANDENGQUSHIDEQUANWEIBANGDAN。LIRUCONGGithubSHANGWOMENKEYIKANDAO,JINNIANSHUJUKEXUE、SHENDUXUEXI、ZIRANYUYANCHULI、JIQIXUEXIDENGZHUTIDECUNCHUKUZHENGBIANDEYUFALIUXING,XINDEKUANGJIAZHENGXIYINZHECHENGQIANSHANGWANDEGONGXIANZHE。

    极速牛牛 ▲2016-2019NIANGithubZIRANYUYANCHULICUNCHUKUDEZENGZHANGBIANHUA

    DAYUEYESHICONGGithubCHENGLINEINIANQI,WEIRUANDUIKAIYUANWENHUADETAIDUKAISHIFASHENGZHUANBIAN。

    极速牛牛 2009NIAN,WEIRUANXIANGLinuxGONGXIAN2WANXINGSHEBEIQUDONGDAIMA;2011NIAN,WEIRUANYIDUJISHENLinux 3.0WUDAGONGSIGONGXIANZHEZHIYI;2014NIAN,“ZHONGSU”WEIRUANDECEONADELAHANCHUZHUMINGDE“WEIRUANAILinux”;2016NIAN,WEIRUANTUICHULEJIANRONG Linux DE SQL FUWUQISHUJUKURUANJIAN;2017NIAN,WEIRUANCHENGWEIGitHubSHANGGONGXIANDAIMAZUIDUODEGONGSI,ZHEIYIBAOZUOCHANLIANZHIJIN。

    极速牛牛 2018NIAN6YUE,WEIRUANCHIZI75YIMEIYUANSHOUGOUGithub,QUANQIUHONGDONG。

    极速牛牛 JIEZHIDANGSHI,GitHubSHANG,JUJILEYUE2800WANKAIFAZHE、GAODA8500WANDAIMAKU,JINSHIZAIQUNIAN,70%DEQUANQIUCAIFU50QIANGGONGSIJUNSHIYONGGithubWEIKAIYUANZUOCHUGONGXIAN,BAOKUOWEIRUANZAIAISHIDAIDEZHUYAODUISHOU,PINGGUO、GUGE、YAMAXUNDENGKEJIJUTOU。

    群雄混战AI开源框架

    极速牛牛 ▲BUFENZHULIUAIKUANGJIAXIANGMUSHEQUHUOYUEDUZHIBIAOTONGJI

    AIKUANGJIASHANGCHENGYINGYONG、XIAJIEXINPIAN,KANCHENGZHINENGSHIDAIDEHEXINRUANJIANZHIZHU。

    极速牛牛 11YUE7RI,GitHubFABUNIANDUBAOGAO,GONGXIANZHEZUIDUODETOP10KAIYUANXIANGMUZHONG,GUGEAIKUANGJIATensorFlowPAIMINGDIWU(9.9K)。

    极速牛牛 TensorFlow,DANGQIANAIKAIYUANKUANGJIADEKANGBAZI,CHENGZAILE“YEJIEKAIYUANDIANFAN”GUGEZAIAISHIDAIDEYEXIN。

    PINGJIEYIGEKAIYUANSHOUJICAOZUOXITONG“ANZHUO”,GUGEZHANJUQUANQIU80-90%DEZHINENGSHOUJI,ZUOYONGCHAOGUO40WANDEKAIFARENYUANHESHIDUOYIYONGHU,JUSHUOPINGJIEGUANGGAO、YINGYONG、SHOUQUANJIFUFEINEIRONGDENGSHOURU,YINIANNENGJIGUGEZHUAN30YIMEIYUAN。

    “YINGZHETONGCHI”DEJIAZHIZAIANZHUOSHENSHANGFAHUIDELINLIJINZHI,RUJINQIZAIZHINENGSHOUJIJIEDEDIWEIZAOYIWENRUTAISHAN,LINGQITAWEIRUJUDEDAGONGSILVLVEWAN。LIANWEIRUANCHUANGSHIRENBIER·GAICIDOUGONGKAIBIAOSHI,ZIJIFANXIAZUIDADECUOWUJIUSHI“YINWEIGUANLIBUSHAN,DAOZHIWEIRUANMEIYOUTUICHUXIANGANZHUONEIYANGBIAOZHUNHUADE、FEIPINGGUODESHOUJICAOZUOPINGTAI”。

    极速牛牛 2015NIAN11YUE,GUGEDIERDAISHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIATensorFlowHENGKONGCHUSHI。

    极速牛牛 BEIKAOGUGEZHEIZUOKAIYUANDASHAN,TensorFlowQIANGSHIJUEQI,JIEZHUYUYINGTEER、NVIDIADENGYINGJIANPINGTAIDEPEIHEDAFA,XIANGQUANQIUKAIFAZHEMIANFEIGONGJIAIKUYUGONGJU,CHENGWEIGithubSHANGZUISHOUKAIFAZHEHUANYINGDEPINGTAIZHIYI。

    QUNIAN4.6WANGEXIANGMUYILAIYUZHEIYIPINGTAI,GONGXIANRENSHUCONG2238WEIZHIJIEGONGXIANZHEZENGZHANGDAO25166WEISHEQUGONGXIANZHE。KAIFARENSHU、GONGXIANRENSHU、SHOUHUANYINGCHENGDU(starSHU)、GUGESOUSUOLIANGDOUNIANYAQITAYIZHONGKAIYUANAIKUANGJIA。

    极速牛牛 QUNIAN,GUOWAISHUJUKEXUEYANJIUZHEJeff HaleDIAOCHALEDUOGEZHULIUQIUZHIPINGTAIDEAIXIANGGUANZAIXIANZHIWEISOUSUOLIEBIAO,QIZHONGTensorFlowDESOUSUOLIANGYIQIJUECHEN。ZONGHEZHIWEISOUSUO、KDnuggetsSHIYONGDIAOCHA、GithubHUOYUEDU、GUGESOUSUOLIANG、ArXivWENZHANG、YAMAXUNSHUJI、MediumWENZHANGDENGZHIBIAODEPINGPAN,TensorFlowRENGRANYAOYAOLINGXIAN。

    极速牛牛 YANJIANAIJIEBANGYIDONGHULIANWANGGAODIAOGUILAI,XIANRAN,QITAKEJIJUTOUMENBUDASUANZUOKANGUGEDUXIANGAIKAIYUANDEHONGLI。

    JIHUZAITensorFlowKAIYUANDETONGYISHIQI,WEIRUANYAZHOUYANJIUYUANKAIYUANJIQIXUEXIGONGJUBAODMTK,TONGGUOApacheRUANJIANJIJINHUIMIANFEIXIANGWAIJIECHENGXUYUANTIGONGSystem ML AIGONGJUDEYUANDAIMA。

    极速牛牛 YOUXIEAIKAIYUANXIANGMUBITensorFlowGENGZAOCHUXIAN。

    极速牛牛 BIRU,2015NIAN1YUE,FacebookRENGONGZHINENGYANJIUYUAN(FAIR)JIUTUICHUYIZUJIYUTorchJIQIXUEXIKUANGJIADEKAIYUANSHENDUXUEXIGONGJU。TONGNIAN4YUE,YAMAXUNTUICHUJIQIXUEXITUOGUANFUWUAmazon Machine Learning,YUNXURENHEKAIFAZHEQINGSONGSHIYONGLISHISHUJUKAIFABINGBUSHUYUCEMOXING。

    BUGUOZHEIXIEXIANGMUSHANGBUZUWEIJU,ZAITensorFlowKAIYUANYINIANYOULIANGGEYUEHOU,TAZUIDADESUDIZHONGYUXIANSHEN。

    2017NIAN1YUE,FacebookTUICHUJIQIXUEXIKUANGJIAPyTorch。JINLIANGNIANLAI,PyTorchCHIXUDAJUSHOUGEAIXUESHUKAIFAZHE,BINGQIEJINNIANZAISHIJUE、YUYAN、TONGYONGJIQIXUEXIDENGDUOGEDINGHUIDELUNWENLIUXINGDUNIANYATensorFlow,CHENGWEIAIXUESHUJIEXINDEWANGZHE。

    XUDUOYANJIURENYUANBIAOSHI,XIANGBITensorFlow,PyTorchDEJICHENGFANGSHI、APIDOUSHEJIDEGENGHAO,ERQIEYEJIEYOUCHUANWENSHUOPyTorchDESUDUYAOBITensorFlowGENGKUAI。SHENZHIXIANGCHUANGUGENEIBUXUDUORENYUANYEXIWANGSHIYONGTensorFlowYIWAIDEKUANGJIA,ZHEIYIWEIZHEGUGEZAOZAOPULUDEAISHENGTAIJIANSHEBINGBURUANZHUONEIBANYIFANFENGSHUN,XIANGFANWEIJISIFU。

    极速牛牛 TFYUPYZHIZHENGYECHENGWEIAILINGYUREYIDEHUATI。YOUQUDESHI,QUNIANGUGEFacebookJIELIANFABUTensorFlowHEPyTorchXINBANBEN。

    QIANZHEYOUGUGESHENDUXUEXIKEXUEJIA、KerasZUOZHEFranoisCHENGZANWEILAIZIWEILAIDEJIQIXUEXIPINGTAI,PINGGUOGONGSIAIYANJIUYUANGoku MohandasSHUOTAMENZHENGCONGPyTorchZHUANXIANGTensorFlow 2.0+Keras。HOUZHEZEHUODETULINGJIANGDEZHU、SHENDUXUEXIBIZUZHIYIYann LeCunDEZHUANFAZHICHI。

    CENGYINKAIYUANWENTIYINFAZHENGYIDEWEIRUANHEYAMAXUN,JINJINIANYEZOUZAIAIKAIYUANDELUSHANG。

    极速牛牛 YAMAXUNDUICHUSHENXUEJIEDEMXNetKUANGJIAQINGYOUDUZHONG。2016NIAN11YUEXUANBUJIANGQIZUOWEIGUANFANGSHENDUXUEXIPINGTAI,YONGYUYAMAXUNAWS,BINGYUJINNIAN1YUEJUEDINGKAIYUANQIJIQIXUEXIFUWUPINGTAISageMaker Neo。WEIRUANZEZAI2017NIANKAIYUANLEQINEIBUSHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIACNTKDE2.0BANBEN,ZHONGMINGMINGWEIWEIRUANRENZHIGONGJUBAO(Microsoft Cogntive Toolkit)。

    MIANDUIYONGYOUPANGDADULIAISHENGTAIDEGUGE,WEIRUAN、Facebook、YAMAXUNDENGJUTOUXUANZELIANHE。2017NIAN9YUE,TAMENFAQISHENDUXUEXIKAIYUANLIANMENGONNX,ZHIZAITIGAOGEZHONGAIGONGJUJIANDETONGYONGXING。ALI、TENGXUN、BAIDU、HUAWEI、XIAOMIDENGGUONEIKEJIGONGSIYIJIYINGTEER、NVIDIA、GAOTONG、AMD、Arm、IBM、HUIPUDENGXINPIANJIFUWUQIJUTOUFENFENJIARUQIZHONG。

    极速牛牛 QUNIANZHIDONGXICAIFANGWEIRUANXIANGMUZONGJINGLIVenky VeeraraghavanSHI,TACENGBIAOSHIWEIRUANYIHEGUGEZUOLECHONGFENGOUTONG,DANDANGSHIGUGEJUEDINGZANSHIBUHUIJIJICANYUDAOONNXDEGONGZUOZHONG。

    ERJIEZHIMUQIAN,GUGERENGWEIGONGKAIBIAOXIANCHUJIARUZHEIYIZHENYINGDEYIXIANG。

    大神云集,AI开源中的华人之光

    MXNet、TensorFlow、PyTorchDENGSHIJIEYILIUDEKAIYUANAIKUANGJIABEIHOU,DOUYOUZHEBURONGHUSHIDEZHONGGUOSHENYING。

    极速牛牛 YAMAXUNSUOQINGLAIDEMXNetYOUDMLC(Distributed/Deep Machine Learning Community)DAZAO,QIHEXINCHENGYUANJUNWEIZHONGGUOREN。

    极速牛牛 MXNetYUANQISANGEBUTONGDEKAIYUANXIANGMU,YISHIZAIMEIGUODECHENTIANQI、ZAIJIANADADEXUBINGHEZAIXIANGGANGDEWANGNAIYANQIANTOUDECXXNet,ERSHISHANGHAIZHANGZHENGJIQIXUESHENGQIANTOUDEMinerva,SANSHIZAIXINJIAPODELIMUQIANTOUDEpurine2。

    ▲CHENTIANQI

    极速牛牛 ZAI2014NIANNIPSSHANG,TONGWEISHANGHAIJIAODAXIAOYOUDECHENTIANQIHELIMUJINGGUOJIAOLIU,FAXIANDAJIAPUBIANZAIZUOZHONGFUXINGGONGZUO,YUSHIJUEDINGHEZUOKAIFAMXNet。SUIHOU,YUELAIYUEDUODEKAIYUANGONGXIANZHECANYUDAOMXNetDEKAIFAHEWEIHUGONGZUOZHONG。ZAIYAMAXUNJIANGMXNetDINGWEIGUANFANGKUANGJIAQIAN,TUSEN、DIPINGXIAN、WolframDENGGONGSIDOUWEIMXNetGONGXIANLEHENDUODAIMA。

    极速牛牛 QINGHUADAXUEBIYESHENGJIAYANGQINGZAIJIAZHOUDAXUEBOKELIFENXIAOGONGDUJISUANJIKEXUEBOSHIQIJIAN,CHUANGLILEDUIYIDONGDUANYOUHAODEKAIYUANSHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIACaffe,BEIWEIRUAN、YAHU、NVIDIA、AdobeDENGGONGSIKANHAOBINGCAIYONG。BIYEHOUTADAOGUGERENKEXUEJIA,TONGJeff DeanDENGDASHENCANYUTensorFlowDEKAIFA,RANHOUYOUZAI2016NIANTIAOCAOQULEFacebook,BINGZHUDAOLECaffe2YIDONGDUANSHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIAHEONNXXIANGMUDEKAIFA。

    ▲JIAYANGQING

    极速牛牛 YINWEICHUANTONGPyTorchPIANYANJIU,Caffe2PIANYINGYONGSHIJIAN,LIANGGEKUANGJIAZHIJIANCUNZAIHENNANKUAYUEDEHONGGOU,YINIANBANQIAN,FacebookJUEDINGJIANGZHEILIANGTAOKUANGJIAHEBINGCHENGPyTorch 1.0,SHIXIANCONGYANJIUKAIFADAOSHENGCHANSHIJIANDEWUFENGDUIJIE。

    极速牛牛 RUJIN,CHENTIANQIYIJIARUMEIGUOJIQIXUEXICHUANGQIOctoMLRENCTO,MINGNIANQIUJIJIANGJIARUKANEIJI·MEILONGDAXUERENZHULIJIAOSHOU。LIMUXIANRENYAMAXUNAIZHURENKEXUEJIA。JIAYANGQINGZEYUJINNIAN3YUEZUOBIEFacebook,JIAMENGALIBABARENFUZONGCAI、ALIYUNZHINENGJISUANPINGTAISHIYEBUZONGCAI,BINGDANRENALIBABAKAIYUANJISHUWEIYUANHUIFUZEREN。

    BAT入场,中国开源AI起步中

    极速牛牛 GUOWAIKAIYUANAIKUANGJIADESISHAZHENGJIN,GUONEIAIQIYEZAIAIKAIYUANXIANGMUSHANGDEGEJUZEXIANGDUIGENGWEIFENMING。

    极速牛牛 ▲BATZAIGithubSHANGDEAIKAIYUANXIANGMUBUWANQUANTONGJI

    MUQIANWEIYIJISHENGithubQUANQIUZUISHOUHUANYINGAIKUANGJIAPAIXINGBANG,NENGYUTensorFlow、PyTorchDENGXIANGTIBINGLUNDESHIBAIDUFEIJIANG。

    BAIDUFEIJIANGYUANZIYUBAIDUSHENDUXUEXISHIYANSHIYU2013NIANCHUANGJIANDENEIBUGONGJU“Paddle”,2016NIAN9YUEZHENGSHIXUANBUKAIYUAN。ZHEISHIDEBAIDUCHENGWEIJIGUGE、Facebook、IBMHOUDISIJIAJIANGAIJISHUKAIYUANDEGONGSI,TONGSHIYESHIDAZAOGUONEIDIYIGEQIEWEIYIZHONGWENKAIYUANSHENDUXUEXIPINGTAIDEGONGSI。

    FEIJIANGGENJUBENTUHUATEDIANJIANGKAIYUANKUANGJIAYUYINGYONGCENGMIANZUOLEGENGHAODEJIEHE,BIXUDUOXIANYOUSHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIAGENGKUAI、GENGHAOYONG。JIAYANGQINGCENGPINGJIATAZAIJIANJIE、LINGHUO、KUAISUDENGLINGYUGONGLIBUSU,QIEJIEJUELECaffeZAOQICUNZAIDEYIXIEYILIUWENTI。

    JINNIAN8YUE,BAIDUHAIDUIWAIFABULEMIANXIANGZHONGDUANHEBIANYUANSHEBEIDEDUANCETUILIYINQINGPaddle Lite BetaBAN,BUJINZHICHIFEIJIANG,HAIZHICHITensorFlow、PyTorchHEONNXMOXINGGESHI。

    HENYOUYISIDESHI,2016NIAN7YUE9RI,MEIGUONASAZAIGithubSHANGGONGKAILE47NIANQIANDENGLUYUEQIUDEApollo 11YUANDAIMA。

    极速牛牛 QIAHAOYINIANHOU,BAIDUXUANBUKAIYUANQIZIDONGJIASHIXITONGApollo,QIZIDONGJIASHIRUANJIANKEGONGRENHERENMIANFEIXIAZAIJIXIUGAISHIYONG。

    极速牛牛 MUQIANFEIJIANGZAIGithubSHANGDEstarSHUDA1.02WAN,forkSHUDA2700,YOU264WEIGONGXIANZHE,TIJIAOCHAOGUO2.5WANcommits。ERApolloBIFEIJIANGHAIYAOSHOUHUANYING,starSHUDADAO1.53WAN,forkSHUCHAO5200。

    TENGXUNYEDAYUECONG2016NIANQIBUDUANJIANGNEIBUKAIYUANCHULAIDEYOUZHIXIANGMUFABUZAIGithubSHANG,RUJINTAZAIGithubQUANQIUGONGSIGONGXIANBANGSHANGWEIJUQIANSHI。

    JIEZHIJINNIAN8YUE,TENGXUNYIZAIGithubSHANGFABU82GEKAIYUANXIANGMU,QIZHONGBAOKUO7GEFANGXIANGDEAIKAIYUANXIANGMU。

    极速牛牛 AngelSHITENGXUNDIYIGEAIKAIYUANXIANGMU,ZUIXIN3.0BANBENSHENGJIWEIQUANZHANJIQIXUEXIPINGTAI,SHANZHANGXISHUSHUJUGAOWEIMOXINGDEXUNLIAN,KEZHICHIDUOLEITUJISUANSUANFA,FUGAILEJIQIXUEXIQUANLIUCHENG。TAKEYIYUTensorFlow、CaffeDENGYEJIEZHULIUSHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIAHENHAODIJIANRONG。

    极速牛牛 AngelZAOZAI2016NIANNIANCHUJIUZAITENGXUNNEIBUSHANGXIAN,YINGYONGZAIWEIXINZHIFU、QQ、TENGXUNSHIPIN、TENGXUNSHEJIAOGUANGGAO、YONGHUHUAXIANGWAJUEDENGYEWUZHONG,2017NIAN6YUEZAIGithubSHANGDIDIAOKAIYUAN。

    极速牛牛 DANGQIANAngelPINGTAIBAOHANCHAOGUO50WANXINGDAIMALIANG,QIstarSHUYIJINGCHAOGUO5400,forkSHUDA1400,ZONGJIYOU40WEIGONGXIANZHE,TIJIAO2300DUOCIcommits。

    极速牛牛 CHULEAngelZHIWAI,TENGXUNHAIKAIYUANLEMIANXIANGSHOUJIDUANDEKUAPINGTAIGAOXINGNENGSHENJINGWANGLUOQIANXIANGJISUANKUANGJIANCNN、SHOUGEYILIAOAISHENDUXUEXIYUXUNLIANMOXINGMedicalNet、AIWEIQICHENGXUPhoenix Go、BAOHAN800DUOWANZHONGWENCIHUIDEGAOZHILIANGZHONGWENCIXIANGLIANGNLPSHUJUJI、YENEIZUIDAGUIMODEDUOBIAOQIANTUXIANGSHUJUJIML-Images、QUANQIUSHOUKUANZIDONGHUASHENDUXUEXIMOXINGYASUOKUANGJIAPocketFlow。

    ALIBABAZAIGithubSHANGZHUTIZHANGHAODEZONGXIANGMUSHUSHIGUONEIZUIDUODE,JUJIAYANGQINGJIESHAO,ZAIAIHEDASHUJULINGYU,ALIYIJINGGONGXIANCHAOGUO100WANXINGDEDAIMA,SHENDUCANYUCHAOGUO10GEKAIYUANXIANGMU。

    JIAYANGQINGZAIJINNIAN9YUEDEALIYUNQIDAHUISHANGSHUO,ALIDEAIYUKAIYUAN、KAIFANGDESHENGTAISHIFENBUKAIDE,HUITONGGUOKAIYUANYUYUNPINGTAIDEHEZUO,TUIJINKAIFAZHESHENGTAIJIANSHE,ZAIYONGBAOKAIYUANDETONGSHIGONGXIANKAIYUAN。

    DANCONGJINYINIANLAIKAN,ALIZAIAILINGYUXIANHOUKAIYUANMIANXIANGGAOWEIXISHUSHUJUCHANGJINGDESHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIAXDL、QINGLIANGJISHENDUSHENJINGWANGLUOTUILIYINQINGMNN、JIYUPAISoarDEFENBUSHISHENJINGWANGLUOCANGKUPAI-FastNN。

    ERSUIZHEALIYUNYUFacebookXUANBUZAIAIKAIYUANXIANGMUSHANGZHANKAIHEZUO,SHUANGFANGJIHUAKAIYUAN、GONGXIANG、HEZUOKAIFAKUANGJIA、AIMOXING、WENJIANDENG,JIANGCHENGGUOYI PyTorch DEXINGSHIGONGXIANGDAO GitHub,ALIYUNJIQIXUEXIPINGTAIJIANGNENGZHICHIPyTorchKUANGJIA。ZHEIHUIJINYIBUJIANGDIAIKAIFAHEYINGYONGMENJIAN,TONGSHITUIDONGPyTorchKUANGJIAZAICHANYEJIEDEPUJI。

    LINGWAI,ALIYETONGGUOXIESHOUFacebook,NIJIANGPyTorchXIANGMUWENXIAN、JIAOCHENGDENGZILIAOGENGKUAI、GENGZHUNDIFANYICHENGZHONGWENBANBEN,RANGGUONEIKAIFAZHENENGDIYISHIJIANXUEDAOZUIXINPyTorch。

    商汤和港中大看起来也是PyTorch拥护者,开源的最大目标跟踪库PySOT、物体检测工具包MMDetection、时空图卷积网络(ST-GCN)骨架动作识别MMSkeleton均基于PyTorch。

    极速牛牛 JIUXIANZAILAIKAN,GUONEIZIZHUYANFAKAIYUANSHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIADEQIYEHAISHUYU“XIQUEWUZHONG”。

    极速牛牛 MUQIANYOUMIAOTOUCHENGWEIXINCHENGYUANDESHIHUAWEIHEKUANGSHI,HUAWEIYUGAOJIANGZAIMINGNIANDIYIJIDUKAIYUANQIQUANCHANGJINGAIJISUANKUANGJIAMindSpore,KUANGSHIDESHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIABrain++YEYIJINGZAIJIHUAKAIYUAN,CIQIANKUANGSHIYANJIUYUANDEYUANCHUANGShuffleNet SeriesSUANFAYIJINGKAIYUANZAIGithubSHANG。

    中国AI开源面临的困境

    极速牛牛 JINGUANWOGUODEAISHIYEKANQILAIZHENGZHENGRISHANG,DANDUANBANYIZHIHAICUNZAI。ZAIJICHUCENGJIANSHE、CHUANGQIKUNJU、ANQUANLOUDONG、DAODENANTIDENGFANGMIAN,AIKAIYUANHAIYOUHENDUOZHIDETANTAODEKONGJIAN。

    ERZHENGCHANXUEYANDELILIANGZHENGJIJIEZAIYIQI,SHITUJIANLIYIGEGENGJIAWENJIANQIANGDADEZHONGGUOAISHENGTAIXITONG。

    ▲RENGONGZHINENGCHANYESHENGTAIQUANQUANJINGTU

    1、应用层强,基础层弱

    GENJUKEJIBUFABUDE《ZHONGGUOXINYIDAIRENGONGZHINENGFAZHANBAOGAO2019》,ZHONGGUOSHIAIZHUANLIBUJUZUIDUODEGUOJIA,ZAIJISHUCENGCHENGXIANZHONGMEISHUANGGUATOUJINGZHENGGEJU,ZAIYINGYONGCENGZHONGGUOZHUANLILINGXIAN。

    DANZAIAIJICHUJISHUJIGONGJUDEYANFAFANGMIAN,WOGUORENGRANXIANGDUILUOHOU,AIJICHUJISHUDEHEXINLILIANGDOUZHANGWOZAIMEIGUODESHOUZHONG。

    AIKAIYUANXIANGMUYIFANGMIANNENGTUIDONGAIJISHUGENGKUAILUODIDAOJUTIYEWUHEYINGYONGZHONG,DANYEKENENGZHISHIGENGSHAODEKAIFAZHEYUANYIQUCONGSHINANDUDA、CHENGXIAOWEIZHIDEJICHUXINGYANFAGONGZUO。ERSUIZHEWOGUOGAOXIAOAIJIAOYUTIXIDEZHUBUWANSHAN,DUIYANJIUXIANGMUFANGXIANGDESHEZHI、DUIXUESHENGDEYINDAOJIANGQIDAOGUANJIANZUOYONG。

    2、开源基础设施环节薄弱

    极速牛牛 JIUMUQIANLAIKAN,WOGUOWEIYIZAIGUOJISHANGNADECHUSHOUDEAIKUANGJIAZHIYOUBAIDUFEIJIANG。ERFEIJIANGDESHOUHUANYINGCHENGDUSHANGBUZUYIPAIJINQUANQIUAIKUANGJIAQIANSHIMING。

    极速牛牛 JIBIANSHIZAIGUONEIDEQIYEHEGAOXIAOZHONG,TensorFlow、PyTorchDENGMEIGUOGONGSIYANFADEKAIYUANKUANGJIAGENGSHOUKAIFAZHEDEQINGLAI。ERGENGLINGRENDANYOUDESHI,KAIFAZHEZUIREZHONGYUSHANGCHUANDAIMADEGithubPINGTAITONGYANGZAIMEIGUOGONGSISHOUZHONG。

    极速牛牛 CHENGRAN,JUEDADUOSHUCHENGXUYUANDOUCHONGSHANGGONGPING、KAIFANGDEKAIYUANGONGXIANGWENHUA,DANCIQIANYIJINGYOUGEZHONGLIZHENGXIANSHILEZHENGZHIHEXIAAIGUANNIANKENENGZAOCHENGDEFUMIANYINGXIANG。

    极速牛牛 BIRUSHANGZHOUQUANQIUDIERDAKAIYUANDAIMATUOGUANPINGTAIGitLabGONGRANFAWEN,CHENGKAOLV“DANGQIANDIYUANHUANJING”,JUSHOUZHONG、EGONGMIN,BINGQIEJINZHIXIANYUANGONGQIANWANGZHEILIANGGEGUOJIA。

    极速牛牛 RUGUOMEIGUOZHIYIYAOSHUQI“SHUZITIEMU”,NEIMEWOGUOJIANLIWANQUANDULIZIZHUDEKAIYUANJICHUSHESHIYICHENGDANGWUZHIJI。

    3、小公司做AI开源不占优势

    WULUNGUONEIHAISHIGUOWAI,AIKAIYUANGENGXIANGSHIJUTOUDEZHUANCHANG。YAMAXUN、GUGE、BATDENGGONGSI,CHULEBENSHENJISHUSHILIGUOYINGWAI,KEZHIJIEHAOZHIQIANJINMAIJISHU、TUANDUI、RENCAI,JIANSHEYITAOGENGWEIWANZHENGDEKAIYUANTIXI。

    DANDUIYUGANGGANGQIBUDEXIAOGONGSIERYAN,ZIJIN、JISHU、RENCAIDENGYALIWANGWANGSHIDETAMENZAITONGWANGKAIYUANDELUSHANGGENGWEISHUSHOUSHUJIAO。BIRUMEIGUOGONGSIMycroftKAIYUANDEYUYINPINGTAIXUYAOZHICHIJISHIZHONGYUYAN,TABUDEBUYUMozillaYIJIGENGDADEKAIYUANSHEQUHEZUOJINXINGYIXIEGUOJIHUAGONGZUO,DANZHEIXIEXUYAOHAOFEIHENDUOSHIJIAN。

    SHAOSHUJISHUSHILIXIONGHOUDECHUCHUANGQIYEDAJIANLEZIJIDESHENDUXUEXIKUANGJIA。DANXIANSHIZHONG,RENMENGENGRONGYIQINGXIANGYUXINLAIYIJINGDEDAODAZHONGRENKEDESHIWU,JIBIANCHUANGQINENGTIGONGGENGGAOXINGJIABIDECHANPINJIFUWU,YIXIEKEHUCHUYUANQUANDENGKAOLIANGRENGHUIGENGXINRENQIANGXIANPEIYANGLEYONGHUXIGUANDERUANJIANCHANPIN。

    JIBIANSHIGUONEIDAGONGSIDOUYAOSIKAORUHEXIYINGENGDUOKAIFAZHEXUANZEZIJIDEAIKUANGJIA,XIAOGONGSIMIANLINDEZUAIWANGWANGGENGDUO。

    4、安全漏洞防范与标准规范

    HEXINXIJISHUXIANGGUANDESUOYOURUANYINGJIANYIYANG,KAIYUANAIKUANGJIAYECUNZAIJISHULOUDONG、RENWEIQUEXIANDENGZAOCHENGDEANQUANFENGXIAN。

    极速牛牛 KAIYUANSHEQUTONGGUOBUDUANJIANKONGRUANJIANDAIMAZHONGDEQUEXIANHELOUDONG,TIGONGEWAIDEANQUANXING,ZHEIDUIXIANGAIZHEIYANGDEXINXINGJISHUYOUWEIYOUYI,DANRENGBUKEBIMIANHUICUNZAIYIXIEQIANZAIDEWEIXIE。

    极速牛牛 QUNIAN,GUGETensorFlowCENGBAOCHUZHONGDAANQUANLOUDONG,SUIWEIZAOCHENGSHIZHIYINGXIANG,QUEYINFAYEJIEDANYOU。DANGSHIYOUZHUANJIAPINGGU,LEISIDELOUDONGKENENGCUIHUISUOYOUJIYUGAIPINGTAIKAIFACHUDEAIMOXING,ERZHEIXIEMOXINGKENENGDALIANGSHEJIANFANG、SHIBIE、CHENGSHIJIAOTONG、GONGGONGFUWUDENGSHIGUANSHEHUIMINSHENGDEGUANJIANYINGYONG。

    极速牛牛 ZHEIYEJIWOMENQIAOXIANGJINGZHONG,ZAIJIANSHEKAIYUANAIKUANGJIAGUOCHENGZHONG,BIXUYANGEFANGFANKENENGDEANQUANLOUDONGWENTI,TONGSHIZHUBUGOUJIANWANSHANDEANQUANYAOQIUYUCEPINGPINGGUBIAOZHUNGONGZUO。

    5、数据隐私保护与技术滥用

    AIKAIYUANXIANGMUBEIYONGDIBUDEDANG,KENENGYINFADAODESHANGDEZAINAN。GUANYUSHUJUYINSIBAOHUYINFADEZHENGYIYIJINGLVJIANBUXIAN,CHUCIZHIWAI,JINQIJISHULANYONGWENTIYIDUYINQIXUANRANDABO。

    极速牛牛 JIUNAJINNIANAIHUANLIANKAIYUANXIANGMUDeepFakeLAISHUO,YIJINGYOUYIXIERENLIYONGZHEIYIJISHUQUCONGSHIYIXIEHUICHAN,SHENZHIDUIXUDUOWUGUQUNTIZAOCHENGRENSHENGONGJIHEXINLISHANGHAI。ZHIDONGXICENGDUIGUONEIAIHUANLIANCHANYEZUOSHENRUDIAOCHA(AIHUANLIANHEICHAN:100YUANDABAO200BUHUANLIANQINGSEPIAN,5ZHANGZHAOPIANJIUKEDINGZHISHIPIN)。

    极速牛牛 ▲BEIDIAOCHADE10GEMAIJIAZILIAOZHENGLI

    JINNIANAIJISHUYUDAODESHENCHADEFAGUIZHIDINGYECHENGWEIQUANQIUDUOGEAIHUIYITANTAODEHEXINHUATIZHIYI。

    极速牛牛 LINGWAIYOUYUAIKAIYUANXIANGMUJIANGDILEAILUODIDEMENJIAN,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYEDAOZHISHICHANGSHANGXIANYOUDEAICHANPINLIANGYOUBUQI。BIRUYIXIEZUOZHINENGMENJINDEQIYEZHIJIEJIEYONGKAIYUANPINGTAIZHONGDEMOXING,MEIYOUJIEHESHIJISHUJUZUOJINYIBUDEYOUHUA,TOURUSHIJIYINGYONGHOU,DUIRENMENDESHENGMINGCAICHANANQUANYEHUIZAOCHENGYIDINGFENGXIAN。

    结语:国内AI开源建设需要更多开发者支持

    上层软件走向开源开放是大势所趋,封闭知识产权极速牛牛会逐渐融入到开源基础架构之中。

    AIYUKAIYUANERYAN,HUOXUYUQITARUANJIANBIEWUERZHI。ERKAIYUANYUAIERYAN,QUESHICUJINAIYINGYONGCHUANGXINYUGENGDUOXINGYEZHINENGHUAPUJIDEZHONGYAOQUDONGLI。CONGDANGXIAAIZAIGEGUODEZHANLVEDIWEILAIKAN,KAIYUANAIKUANGJIAYOUWANGCHENGWEIXIANGYUNAPINEIYANGCHENGWEIZHUZAIAISHICHANGDEHEXINYINQING。

    极速牛牛 JINNIANSUIZHEAISUANFADECHIXUFENGFU,KAIYUANYUKEYAN、GONGCHENGDEJIEHEYEYUELAIYUEJINMI。KAIFAZHESUOGUANZHUDEKAIYUANAIHEXINYAOSU,YECONGGENGGAODEXINGNENGZHUANWEIRUHENENGRANGSUANFAZAIYINGYONGZHONGGENGKUAIGENGHAODELUODI。ERGENGKUAISU、GENGHAOYONGDEAIKUANGJIA,YIJIYUGEZHONGYINGJIANGENGJIAYOUHUADEXIETONG,DOUYOUWANGWEIAIFAZHANZHURUXINDEHUOLI。

    极速牛牛 DANGQIANWOGUOZAIAIYINGYONGCENGJIBENZHANWENJIAOGEN,ZAISHUJUZIYUAN、SHULIRENCAI、SHICHANGHUANJINGDENGFANGMIANJUNYOUHENDAYOUSHI,ZAIJIASHANGZHANLVEYINLING、ZHENGCEZHICHIZHULI,AIKAIYUANKAIFANGPINGTAI、WANZHENGAISHENGTAILIANDEXIANGGUANJIANSHEZHENGZAICHIXUTUIDONGZHONG。ZHEIHUOXUHUISHIYIGEZHANGQIDEGONGZUO,BUJINXUYAOCHANXUEYANGELEIJIGOUDEXIETONGNULI,YEXUYAOGENGDUOKAIFAZHEDEGULIYUZHICHI。

    ZHENGZHONGSHENGMING:BENWENBANQUANGUIYUANZUOZHESUOYOU,ZHUANZAIWENZHANGJINWEICHUANBOGENGDUOXINXIZHIMUDE,RUZUOZHEXINXIBIAOJIYOUWU,QINGDIYISHIJIANLIANXIWOMENXIUGAIHUOSHANCHU,DUOXIE。

    

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